Tech4Health (INSERM)

Capgemini Engineering & frog part of Capgemini Invent




A unit attached to the OMI (Organizations, Markets, Institutions) Doctoral School of the University of Paris Est Créteil Val de Marne, the Institute de Recherche en Gestion (IRG) is a certified host team (EA2354- This research unit is home to a hundred lecturers and researchers, and forty doctoral students. Its scientific identity is based on the theme of "Management and Society" and its work is oriented towards a critical and reflective perspective, considering collective action as a research object that goes beyond the classic framework of companies. One of the main lines of his research concerns the study of innovations, transformations and organizational and societal resistance.

Logo IRG : Institu de Recherche en Gestion


Mathias Béjean – Principal investigator of DynSanté

Graduated from ESCP Business School, Mathias holds a PhD in Engineering and Management from Mines ParisTech. He is full professor of innovation management at the University of Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne, where he is a member of the IRG Lab. A specialist in design and innovation processes, he is particularly interested in new theories and methods of design, experimentation and evaluation. Between 2011 and 2017, he implemented the Concept Maturity Levels (CML) methodology, at the heart of this project, for the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES).
In 2022, he published two books, one dealing with proof methods in innovation ("Adoptez l'esprit proofmaking", by Pearson), the other with the use of mathematical models in innovative design processes ("Innovation beyond fiction", by Cambridge S.P.).

Keywords : innovation management, design process, experimentation, design
Useful link: Mathias Béjean; Adopt the proofmaking mindset; Innovation beyond fiction

Mathias Béjean profile photo

Jean-Paul Dumond

Professor HDR at the university-level, Jean-Paul Dumond is a specialist in health services organisations and their transformation. For more than twenty years, he has conducted several research on the evolution of health structures, hospitals and its environment, the relationship between managers and health professionals. He is responsible for the track Management of Health Organizations (IAE Paris-Est) which includes two masters, namely Management of Health Institutions and Management of Healthcare Organizations. He recently published La grande transformation hospitalière » (“The great hospital transformation”) (Arslan, 2021) and « Refonder les organisations de santé » (“Refounding health organizations”) (Seli Arslan, 2022).

Keywords : health services, industrialisation, crises in health organisations Useful link: Jean-Paul Dumond (IRG)

Photo de profil Jean-Paul Dumond

Anaïs Garin – PhD student in management

Graduated from a Master's degree in Consulting, Studies, Research at IAE Paris-Est and an MSc Organisational Change & Consulting at Rotterdam School of Management, Anaïs Garin joined the ANR DynSanté project in September 2021 as a PhD student. Her thesis, co directed by Mathias Béjean and Stefan Meisiek, focuses on innovation ecosystems in the the Medtech industry. More specifically, she is interested in orchestration activities and associated capabilities to maintain an innovation ecosystem over time. Her research is based on the partners of the DynSanté project, more particularly the HIT ecosystem in Bretagne, France.

Keywords : ecosystems, innovation, dynamic capabilities, design
Useful link: Anaïs Garin (IRG)

Photo de profil Anaïs Garin

Team skills

The IRG has an expertise in management sciences on :
– Organizations, processes and professions in the health sector
– Theories and methods of innovation and design
– Maturity scales in various fields (space industry, education, …)

Motivations and role in the DynSanté project

The IRG members aim to better understand the dynamics of innovation ecosystems. In line with existing work (Adler, Kwon and Heckscher, 2008), the aim is to distinguish between hierarchical, transactional and community dynamics. Following an approach developed by the IRG on the uses of digital health (Habib, Béjean, and Dumond, 2017), the idea is to discuss three organizational ideal-types at the scale of ecosystems: market, hierarchy, and community.
The table below summarizes the general motivation of our contribution.

Ecosystem types


The IRG collaborates with the different components of the University of Paris Est Créteil. It is in particular a founding member of the Living Lab Algopo of UPEC, a university living lab dedicated to the study of the relationship between digital technology and society.


LLSA Forum


The Living Labs in Health and Autonomy Forum (LLSA Forum) is a network of actors involved in in co-design activities of solutions for health, including mostly Living Labs. Formed in 2013, it has the status of a non-profit association under the French Law of 1901. Recognized by ENoLL (European Association of Living Labs) as the largest European network of Living Labs in health, it now has 50 members, including 37 LLSAs spread throughout the throughout France. It defends a participatory and citizen approach to the design of new solutions in health and solutions in health and autonomy, at the service of innovation, economic development and economic development and health democracy.

Denis Abraham – WP2 Scientific manager

Founding member of the LLSA Forum, Denis Abraham has been president of the association since July 2021. He holds a PhD in biological and medical engineering from the Medical Institute of the Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine and is a specialist in 3D digital and medical imaging. Denis Abraham is now director of economic development and support for innovation at the IMT Grand-Est engineering school. Expert in technology, both in the academic and industrial fields, where he directs European collaborative research projects, he is also co-founder of the Living Lab Prometee and director of Innov' Autonomie.

Keywords: Living Lab , innovation, digital imaging, economic development

Photo de profil Danis Abraham

Robert Picard

Engineer of Mines, Doctor in Management Sciences, Former health referent of the General Council of the Economy at the Ministry of the Economy, after fifteen years in private industry including 5 as manager of an SME, Co-founder and Honorary President of the LLSA Forum of Living Labs in health and autonomy, Robert Picard is involved in the ANR DynSanté project. He is also co-host of the Filière Santé Numérique founded in 2021. He has produced numerous reports on the value of health technologies and coordinated several collective works on participatory health:
• November 2017: Attractiveness of France for healthcare companies: Developing the value of products and services (
• 2017 : Co-design in Living Labs for Healthcare and Independent Living: Concepts, Methods and Tools | Wiley
• 2019 Connected Healthcare for the Citizen - ISTE
• Avril 2021 : April 2021: Global mobilization as part of the digital health acceleration strategy (

Keywords : co-conception, value creation, innovation, Living Lab, networks

Photo de profil Robert Picard

David Servais

Graduated from a Master's degree in Management at SKEMA BUSINESS SCHOOL and a Master's degree in Euro-Mediterranean Public Policy at the IEP of Aix en Provence, David Servais is now Project Manager at the LLSA Forum. His research dissertation on the mechanisms of innovation within French metropolises allowed him to discover the ecosystem of Living Labs. After a two-year experience within the Center for Innovation and Uses in Health (CIUS), David joined the Forum team in September 2019. His missions within the association mainly focus onnational (such as the DynSanté project) and European research projects.

Keywords : innovation, Living Labs, ecosystem, project management

Photo de profil David Servais

Team skills

The LLSA Forum’s status, amended in 2018, ensures a focus on research, development and dissemination of experiential knowledge. Its work focused on design and evaluation in health and autonomy is the subject of academic publications, as well as specialized books oriented to a broader professional audience. The latter are the result of exchanges of experience between co-authors from different member organizations and mobilize various scientific fields: socio-ethnography, ergonomics, design thinking, management sciences, health economics, information and communication technologies, in interaction with medical, medico-social and well-being issues

Motivations and role in the DynSanté project

The LLSA Forum’s multidisciplinary experimental approach and its close ties with the Tech4Health network led it, as of June 2017, to work on the question of the articulation of design and evaluation methods for user-oriented health solutions with clinical trial protocols, based on concrete cases. The CML methodology created at NASA served as an inspiration to organize this first research. The LLSA Forum implemented the resulting CML Health method in two projects involving the collaboration of several Living Labs. The first version of a digital platform was developed. These experiences have shown the method’s capacity to structure and make visible the co-design and evaluation of innovative health projects, particularly those of LLSA. The Forum is the custodian of the intellectual property rights of the Health LMCs, under an open regime.

The Forum is in charge of the WP2 of field feedback, with a large involvement of its


The LLSA Forum’s members come from the entire healthcare innovation ecosystem: research laboratories, major industrial companies, SMEs, patient associations, healthcare institutions, healthcare professionals, and Living Labs. It is staffed with experts from the various specialties that are useful to its members. The collegial structure of the Forum’s Board of Directors reflects this diversity and the collaborative nature of its governance. Most Living Labs are structured in this way, and the LLSA Forum is a “network of networks”, with a particularly dense geographical coverage. The Forum has developed this experience in Europe through partnerships with the European network ET Health, and is currently involved in an H2020 research project led by ENoLL. The Forum is a founding member of the new Filière Santé Numérique.


Tech4Health (INSERM)

A network of expertise, for the evaluation and development of Health Technologies, composed of responsive members, who answer the questions “Why, When and How to conduct pre-clinical and clinical studies?”


The Tech4Health network set up in 2015 is supported by INSERM. It is accredited by the national research infrastructure "F-CRIN" ( It is a network of expertise dedicated to the assessment of Technologies for Health, for institutions or industrialists, It supports the transfer of innovation from basic research to clinical practice. Tech4Health gathers, at the national level, more than 80 multidisciplinary experts from universities, research structures, clinicians, or patient representatives for pre-clinical and clinical assessments of health technologies, and contributes to the development of innovative medical devices, e-health and biomaterials, throughout their life cycle.


Lionel Pazart – WP3 scientific co-manager

MD, PhD, HDR, Technological Innovations, Methodology, Public Health Lionel is a Doctor of Medicine (MD), qualified in Public Health (MPH), and an Associate Professor of Pharmacy. He is currently the medical coordinator of the Clinical Investigation Center (INSERM CIC 1431) in technological innovations at the University Hospital of Besançon, France, and teaches at the University of Sciences and at the School of Biomedical Engineering of the University of Franche Comté. He is also an entrepreneur who has contributed to the launch of 3 start ups, exploiting his work and patents. He is the author or co-author of more than 200 scientific articles, and is a recognized expert at the national and european level. He has led the Tech4Health network which is a component of the French National Clinical Research Infrastructure (F-CRIN) dedicated to the evaluation of medical devices.

Keywords: clinical investigation, technological innovations, medical technology
Useful Link: Dinamic - Clinical assessment of the Medtechs (CHU Besançon) ; Network Tech4Health (

Photo de profil Lionel Pazart

Sylvia Pelayo – WP3 scientific co-manager

Full Professor, Ergonomics, Human Factor, Uses. Sylvia is a lecturer-researcher at the University of Lille, France, and assistant coordinator of CIC-IT 1403. Sylvia has a significant experience in the analysis of complex socio-technical systems, particularly in the analysis of collective activities and in the design of collective systems. Since 2021, she co-coordinates the Tech4Health network of expertise.

Keywords: clinical research, medical technology, usage skills
Useful Link: Centre d'Investigation Clinique ( ; Metrics (

Photo de profil Sylvie Pelayo

Thomas Lihoreau

Biomedical Engineer MSc, Clinical Evaluations, Medical Devices; Thomas is an engineer from the Institut Supérieur d'Ingénieurs de Franche-Comté (ISIFC, Besançon). He joined Besançon University Hospital and its Clinical Investigation Center (INSERM CIC 1431) in 2007, s an engineer in charge of clinical trials. He has also participated in research projects (national, eropean) dedicated to innovative technologies, coordinating the the involvement of clinical teams. Since 2016, he has been in charge of the platform "DinaMic", for interactions between industry and institution around the clinical evaluation of medical devices. He is also currently the scientific referent in charge of coordination of projects carried out by the Tech4Health network.

Keywords : medical technology, technological innovation, clinical assessment
Useful Link: Centre d'Investigation Clinique (CHU Besançon)

Photo de profil Thomas Lihoreau

Team skills

Tech4Health works directly with upstream and fundamental research teams (CNRS, Inserm, CEA, Universities), healthcare organizations (clinical research centres are located in hospitals) and clinical research players to conduct proof-of-concept or pre-clinical studies, fitness-for-use assessments or usage studies, clinical investigations on medical technologies, medico-economic studies for reimbursement, and post-marketing clinical follow-up studies, … It is a unique centre of expertise in France, combining the complementary expertise of 17 centres.

Motivations and role in the DynSanté project

The system of collaboration necessary for innovations in the Medtech is still insufficiently structured to date. The “Health CMLs” are part of a participative and inclusive vision of health, and the Tech4Health network regularly proposes innovative and specific reflections, scientific events ( and training ( around these topics. The members of the Tech4Health network are thus interested in contributing to DynSanté’s objective of identifying, experimenting, evaluating and disseminating the dynamics of ecosystems that promote innovation in the Medtech. In the framework of the DynSanté project, Tech4Health is in charge of the evaluation (WP3), in new local ecosystems, of the Health CMLs and the associated collaborative platform. The aim is to evaluate the appropriation by the actors and the added value in terms of innovation.

Capgemini Engineering & frog part of Capgemini Invent


Capgemini Engineering is the global leader in engineering and R&D services to meet challenges of transformation and innovation. Capgemini Engineering supports its clients from concept to industrialization, to develop the products and services of tomorrow. Capgemini Engineering is an integral part of the Capgemini Group, a global leader in consulting, digital consulting, digital transformation, technology and engineering services. In the Medtech, Capgemini Engineering is a global partner for the development of safe, compliant and devices and technologies that are safe, compliant and patient-centric.

Team skills

Capgemini Engineering has a range of skills, from product design, complex systems engineering, human factors and mechanical engineering, to certified software development, electronics, wireless communications and market access and product life cycle management. In particular, the R&I FUTURE OF HEALTHCARE program explores how to rethink healthcare services in the digital age around three main areas:
– Developing the technological and analytical tools for “4P” medicine (Preventive, Personalized, Participatory and Predictive)
– Designing new healthcare solutions based on disruptive technologies
– Implementing integrated co-design methods articulating uses, organizations and business models


frog is a global leader in strategy, design and customer experience, integrated within Capgemini Invent. frog supports passionate leaders and visionary entrepreneurs by combining creativity, strategy, design and data to help them reinvent, orchestrate and execute their customer-centric growth and transformation strategy. frog strives to work with them to shape a prosperous, sustainable, and inclusive future for companies, individuals and the environment.


Kathryn Ernecq

Kathryn Ernecq has been dedicated to the development of innovation for the past 15 years with a double degree from a business school and a master's degree from an engineering school in information technologies and an international MBA. She guides start ups and large groups in their digital health reflection, participates in juries and facilitates workshops. In the DynSanté project, she is interested in the challenges of a complex ecosystem and digital health projects that must mature on the technological, usage, business and programmatic dimensions at the same time. For that, she is following and working with the investors.

Keywords : ecosystem, innovation, interview, design research, study, froglab
Useful Link: LinkedIn

Photo de profil Kathryn Ernecq

Clément Bataille

Clément Bataille is an expert in building and managing innovation teams and projects in complex environments, at the crossroads of physical, digital and human systems. At frog part of Capgemini Invent he leads the frog Lab, an interdisciplinary team of doctors and designers who explore the field of new experiences opened up by emerging technologies, with a user-centered, ethical and responsible approach. At Orange he was Director of Design and member of the Management Committee of the internal incubator for internal start-ups. Clément is a member of the Conseil National du Design and the Conseil Scientific Council of the Cité du Design.

Keywords : strategic Design, service Innovation, organisational transformation, design research, sustainability
Useful Link: LinkedIn

Photo de profil Clément Bataille

Yasmine Saleh

Graduated from a PhD in management at the IAE of Nantes, Yasmine is a researcher and consultant in innovation management at frog, part of Capgemini Invent. She is interested in the processes of design, diffusion and adoption of innovation through design theories and methods.

Keywords : innovation management, innovation adoption processes, design
Useful link: LinkedIn

Photo de profil Yasmine Saleh

Team skills

froglab, is frog’s research and design laboratory. Composed of a multidisciplinary team of PhD researchers and pragmatic designers, froglab advances knowledge by developing and testing innovative experiments. froglab combines the rigor of academic research with a systemic and human-centered approach. Its research is published in academic journals and its research projects generate new visions, new methods and innovative tools that advance expertise and position frog as a leader in the design research community.
In a world that never stops moving, froglab believes it is important to never stop evolving… Research is a provocative agent that stimulates our teams and our clients and helps us stay ahead of the curve.

Motivations and role in the DynSanté project

Since 2013, we have been interested in the problem of multidimensional evaluation of a health innovation. This work has led us to propose a business model design methodology (BUILD: Business Models for Innovation Deployment) based on multi-stakeholder value modeling. This methodology was formalized by frog in the form of a serious game (Quantum Clinic) that allows us to conduct creative workshops on business models with our clients (large groups or start-ups).

The Dynsanté project allows us to pursue this reflection on evaluation while articulating our research related to the health and medical device professions with those related to innovation management and design.

In particular, we will contribute to the DynSanté project by :
– Exploring the current needs of funding organizations in terms of multidimensional evaluation.
– Studying the way actors appropriate the tools (CML platform) allowing the implementation of health CML, their user experience and the associated key factors.

Workshops will be organized at the territorial level with two main types of audience: funding organizations and project leaders themselves. They will be able to draw on Capgemini’s innovation lab networks.


Capgemini Engineering’s clients include most of the major French industrial companies, as well as SMEs and start-ups, but also healthcare establishments and public institutions. Our research and innovation program also leads us to develop partnerships and collaborative projects with this ecosystem, but also with public and university research players. Finally, Capgemini recently co-founded Future4care, an accelerator for start-ups.